In Supervision: A Functional Model of Supervision

In Supervision

Hi, and welcome to this week’s In Supervision post!

This week, I’d like to talk about Inskipp and Proctor’s functional model of supervision.  I find that this model links well to the other two models previously discussed.

First, I want to make a reference to the previous two models discussed in my supervision posts about my diagram (see first post here), and how Inskipp and Proctor’s model relates to them.


This model links well to Stoltenberg and Delworth’s model in that it assesses the supervisee’s work and development of knowledge and skills; and to Hawkins and Shohet’s model in that it deals with the more relational and personal aspects of the supervisee’s practice.






Let’s look at the three functions of supervision as theorised by Inskipp and Proctor.

The restorative function is the supportive aspect of supervision. It focuses on the supervisee’s health and wellbeing. As counsellors, we tend to work on a regular basis with strong emotions and distress that might leave us feeling emotionally, mentally and sometimes even physically drained.

Supervision is a space where the supervisee can be looked after, by talking about the feelings that they might be carrying over from a session or sessions, and the supervisor’s role is to help the therapist process these emotions and figure out how to best help themselves first, and then their client in the next session.

Reflecting on their emotions, being aware of what’s going on within themselves and in the relationship with the client are important to help the therapist work through difficult feelings and to be able to provide the client with robust support and interventions to help them get their lives back on track.  I see this very closely linked to what Hawkins and Shohet describe in their seven areas of supervision.


The normative or managerial function links well with the ethical frameworks that we follow – like the BACP ethical framework for the counselling professions – in that it is a quality control function. The therapist is assessed on their practice and whether they are practicing the principle of beneficience and being helpful rather than harmful to their clients. Other aspects mentioned in the framework that relate to this function are:





  • putting the client first

  • working to professional standards, which is what this function assesses

  • show respect

  • maintain integrity

  • build appropriate relationships with clients

  • demonstrate accountability

  • respect the client’s autonomy and help them work towards independence from the therapist through working through the client’s issues

  • justice

  • self-respect, meaning that the therapist is responsible for their self-care as well as their personal development

The last point brings us to the formative and educational function of supervision. Here we focus on the therapist’s development of their knowledge and skills. It is a more practical aspect of supervision, whereas the restorative function is more relational and emotionally developmental, and the normative is more a quality control measure.

The relationship between the client and the therapist, and the therapist and their supervisor, is more obvious in the restorative function, but even so it doesn’t feel like it’s enough.

This is why I am adamant that the three models discussed so far work much better together than in isolation. In the sessions themselves, I believe that these happen naturally, but in theory there isn’t one theory that encompasses all of the qualities, nuances and interactions that make up the supervisory relationship.


I hold a Certificate in Clinical Supervision from the University of Derby.I offer Clinical Supervision to qualified counsellors, and support during the course for trainee counsellors. (1

What do you think?

Leave me a message below!


Until next week…

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Mental Health Media “The sinner” Series – by Holly Tootell


There are a few programmes on TV and Film that discuss mental health related topics in their plots. The Sinner is one of them.

As Holly Tootell describes in this post, it is definitely gripping to watch!

But what is most gripping is the reality of abuse and trauma and how it can manifest in our lives even years after it happened.

The good news, as Holly reminds us, is that there is a way to heal from abuse and trauma in childhood and other stages in life, it just has to be the right way for each individual!

Read more here.


Working with the person, not the diagnosis – by Nathan Gould


In this post, Nathan Gould discusses how uncomfortable, unfair and unhelpful labelling someone with a diagnosis can be.

It can’t be like when we have a physical ailment – a broken arm, the flu, something else. It’s not as straightforward as that.

Nathan discusses this in depth. It is helpful for both professionals but also for people suffering with mental health and feeling disheartened by getting diagnosed and treated as a diagnosis rather than as a person.

There are many of us out there that want to help the person not the diagnosis.

I highly recommend reading his post, and other posts he has written, by clicking here.

Setting Reasonable Resolutions for 2018

calendar freebieFree 2018 Printable Calendar!

We have all been there…we make a list of what we plan to do in the New Year – stop smoking and doing more exercise are favourites.

How many of us break these resolutions on the 2nd of January?

So why not set some reasonable resolutions for 2018?

Here are some ideas that you might actually want to keep, and achieve without much hassle or thinking about:

  • keep life as simple as possible

    • remove those things that cause clutter in your home or mind.
    • think about each situation and weigh wether you want or need to stress about it, and decide for how long to stress about it.
  • Don’t make something a problem unless and/or until it actually is a problem!

    • this is one thing I try to make sure I do in my life to keep myself from getting overwhelmed when nothing is actually happening.
  • Make short-term plans

    • 3-monthly plans seem to work best for many people, and this means that you won’t get overwhelmed with gigantic goals
    • break those gigantic goals into parts and give yourself flexible deadlines to meet them
    • prioritise and don’t try to do everything at once, you will get overwhelmed and most likely not do any of them!
  • Take care of your mental health

    • read up on what worries you or ask a professional
    • go to counselling short term even if nothing major is happening – getting to know yourself better is a great thing and will benefit you and your relationships
    • read my blogs – and others’ blogs – on working through various issues in therapy
  • Other things that might impact positively on your life might be things that I’ve spoken about in my self-care blog posts

    • travel more

    • spend time with people that support and make you happy – spend less or no time with people that you might feel are taking your energy away or are actually toxic

    • read more

    • try new things – foods, activities, tv shows, etc

    • save

    • tweak your diet and exercise routines – or come up with one that fits your schedule and that you will actually achieve!

That’s it from me for 2017, I shall see you around the corner!

2018 here we come!

Have you downloaded my free calendar 2018 yet?

It’s been a learning curve for me since starting my blog this august, I am hoping to improve on what I’ve already done and offer some more freebies, books, and more great content the next year.

If you have any suggestions or comments, do leave them via email or via the contact form.

Have you subscribed to my blog? Make sure you don’t miss a thing this 2018! 

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En terapia: Procesando la pérdida y el duelo (parte 2)

In Therapy- Working Through...

Bienvenidos a esta edición de mi mini serie de “En Terapia” acerca de la pérdida y el duelo, en la cual me gustaría mencionar otros tipos de pérdida y cómo podríamos procesar los mismos.

La semana pasada hablamos de la pérdida repentina y la predecible. Existen más tipos de duelos, los cuales puedes encontrar en esta entrada (haz click aquí para leerla).


El proceso de ruptura de una relación sentimental puede tomar muchas formas y facetas, dependiendo de la duración e intensidad de la relación.

Preguntas tales como: ¿Seré capaz de enfrentarme a esto solo? ¿Por qué pasó esto? ¿Cómo pude dejarlo tratarme de esa forma por tanto tiempo? ¿Por qué no hice esto antes?

Pensamientos tales como: Tenía el resto de mi vida planeado con él/ella, ahora debo empezar de nuevo; nunca volveré a confiar en otro hombre/ mujer en la vida; me sentiré triste y solo por siempre.

En términos prácticos, hay asuntos como encontrarse a tu ex en una tienda y cómo accionar o reaccionar a esto; si trabajan juntos, cómo irá a funcionar eso ahora; ¿Qué pasaría si lo ves con alguien más? ¿Por qué estará pasando él/ella en este rompimiento; estará sufriendo tanto como yo? ¿Le habrá sido fácil seguir adelante?

Se vuelve más complicado cuando hay niños o hipotecas involucradas. Pero si esto no aplica a tu caso, entonces solo es un asunto de procesar el dolor de la ruptura, con la forma que éste haya tomado, y por el tiempo que esto dure.

Creo que todo depende de si la ruptura fue tan amigable como fuese posible (por ejemplo, si se alejaron, o si tenían ideas diferentes de lo que la vida debería de ser para cada uno) o si dejaste la relación en términos realmente malos (violencia en la relación, infidelidad, etc.)

El volver a dar forma a tu vida sucederá cuando estés lisito, y entonces podrás levantarte de donde estas, tomar las cosas que te recuerdan de dicha relación, y ponerlas en una caja y devolvérselas a la persona, o donarlas a la caridad, o bien, podrás decidir hacer lo que quieras con ellas.

Puedes empezar a hacer nuevos planes para tu vida sin esa relación. Cada relación te enseña algo. Con el tiempo podrás ver lo que puedes tomar de esa relación, y utilizarlo como una ventaja.

El hablar acerca de tu ruptura y acerca de todo lo que surja en ti, con un consejero podría ayudarte a procesar el dolor y a avanzar en tu vida.

Elisabeth Kubler-Ross tiene algunos libros buenos libros acerca de Lecciones de Vida, que podrían ser de ayuda cuando estés atravesando problemas con relaciones, o bien cuando estés procesando el duelo y la pérdida.


Perder la salud puede ser frustrante, ya sea si es algo permanente o temporal.

He trabajado como personal de apoyo en un centro de rehabilitación, a donde van las personas al ser dadas de alta de un hospital, luego de una caída (generalmente personas mayores), para recuperarse, tomar fisioterapia, y curarse antes de volver a casa.

Ellos generalmente se sentían sobre confiados sobre sus habilidades y estaban enojados por tener que ser cuidados por alguien más.

Tuve que ayudar a alguien a regresar a su cama, luego de haberle dicho que si él deseaba levantarse, tenía que llamarme a mí. Él me vio como si yo estuviese exagerando. Esto cambió cuando él se levantó por sí mismo, ¡Y se cayó al suelo! Esa caída lo asustó, y lo hizo darse cuenta de que yo no estaba siendo condescendiente con él, y que ambos estábamos allí por una razón. Él para tener apoyo en lo que él solía hacer independientemente, antes de su accidente, y yo para apoyarlo a hacer justo eso.

Puede llegar a ocasionarte una sacudida el tener que necesitar a alguien para que te ayude a hacer las cosas que solías hacer fácilmente, como el levantarte de la cama, usar el baño, y otras actividades. Es comprensible que las personas puedan sentirse irritables y disgustadas cuando los traen a un centro de rehabilitación (lo cual no es nada que un poco de paciencia, compasión y humor no puedan arreglar).

No ser capaz de hablar podría ser altamente frustrante, para alguien que solía hablar usualmente antes de un derrame o un accidente. Tener que maniobrar a través de los sentimientos, y tener que comunicarse de una forma distinta, sin ser entendido, o queriendo expresar tu enojo y miedos, y no ser capaz de hacerlo.

Estos tipos de pérdida de salud y otros, serán importantes, y tendrás que procesarlos con paciencia y compasión por parte de los cuidadores y miembros de la familia. Imagínate a ti mismo, perdiendo tu habilidad para caminar, hablar, ser independiente. Procesar todas las emociones que puedan surgir luego de un accidente o complicación médica, tomará tiempo y muchos ajustes.


Perder tu trabajo, tu fuente de ingresos y posiblemente, la satisfacción de tu carrera, traerá sus propias complicaciones.

¿Cómo te afrontas a ti mismo, a tu familia y amigos, cómo les cuentas que perdiste tu trabajo debido a un cese, al ser despedido, o al renunciar? ¿Qué harás para tener ingresos ahora? ¿Los subsidios son una opción para ti? ¿Qué tan rápido tendrás otro trabajo? ¿Te quedarás sin techo pronto?

Así como de otras circunstancias en la vida, podemos tener aprendizajes al perder un trabajo.

Podemos reagrupar y reorganizar nuestras vidas, de manera que podamos enfocarnos en lo que es realmente importante. Podemos priorizar en las cosas que gastamos dinero – podría ser necesario hacer un presupuesto, si te estás apoyando en un subsidio, o en tus ahorros por un período de tiempo.

Atraviesa los sentimientos, ve un terapeuta, procesa todo lo que esto significa, y luego levántate a ti mismo y ve tras ese trabajo que tanto deseas. Tal vez es tiempo para que empieces tu propio negocio, y ésta pérdida de trabajo sea una bendición disfrazada.


Perder una mascota puede ser tan difícil como perder a un miembro de tu familia o a un amigo cercano.

Las mascotas se convierten en parte de la familia, por lo tanto, perderlas te traerá sentimientos similares a los descritos en la entrada anterior.


Cada cambio en la vida requiere de ajustes, y de atravesar las cosas positivas y negativas que esto pueda traer. Al graduarte de la escuela secundaria, quiere decir que estás listo para el gran mundo; pues estudiar lo que quieras en la universidad, o puedes irte a viajar por un año. Iniciar un nuevo trabajo, significa aprender nuevas habilidades, conocer a nuevas personas y muchas nuevas oportunidades. Esto también podría significar un aumento en el salario comparado con tu trabajo anterior. El mudarse a una nueva ciudad es un desafío – podría asustarte el hecho de estar en un lugar donde nadie te conoce; podrías sentirte solo por un tiempo, o ¡Podrías disfrutar la libertad de ser un desconocido!

Acepta el cambio, pero también honra de miedo, ansiedad, emoción, en cada transición en la vida.

Espero que hayas disfrutado esta edición y que hayas encontrado consejos e ideas que puedan ayudarte a procesar la pérdida y el duelo.

Si necesitas hablar más acerca de este tema, no dudes en contactarme.

Hasta la próxima semana…

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22830972_10154754698267237_1487302927_oTraducción por Mayra Alarcón



KB Bilingual Counselling and Supervision

Introducing: Mayra – Sworn Translator


Dear readers and subscribers,

As you have probably noticed, I publish a blog post in English on Mondays, and then a translation to Spanish on Tuesdays.

Even though translation is something I want to delve into as well, I am finding it easier to delegate the translating task, so I can focus on writing more material for you during the week.

Therefore, I am very pleased to introduce my friend and colleague, Mayra, who is going to be working on the blog with me by being the official translator for Insights…from the desk of Karin Brauner!

So without further ado, I will now leave the stage open for Mayra to tell us a bit about herself:

22773476_10154754695032237_814551237_nHi! My name is Mayra, and I am a sworn translator, based in Guatemala City.

I have worked as a translator since I graduated, but at the same time, I started doing other jobs as Business Administrator.

I established a translation business in 2006, where I used to help lawyers who worked with international cases, and needed legal translations; but it wasn’t until 2015 that my career finally took off. That was when I started having bigger clients, and started working with other colleagues to be able to finish all the work coming from them.

This sudden change made me realize how many potential clients there were out there, so I decided to start with a marketing strategy to get more of them.


In 2017 I launched my new brand, called: “We Translate” or “Nosotros Traducimos” in its Spanish version.

I have worked for many industries. Some to mention are: architecture, soil studies, tourism, armed conflict in Guatemala, veterinary products, international demands, and all kinds of legal documents.

I also participated in the Translation and Localization Conference that took place in March, 2017 in Warsaw, Poland.


I am currently a member of the Translators and Interpreters Association here in Guatemala.

I know there is a lot more to come, so I expect to be able to continue helping others to communicate throughout the world for many more years.

I am pleased to have been asked to work alongside Karin on her blogsite as her official blog translator. I hope you enjoy the translation work, do contact me with your translation needs!



Follow Mayra on Facebook


Read Mayra’s first translation for Insights here. Lee la primera traduccion de Mayra aqui.

English version can also be found here, written by yours truly.

If you haven’t subscribed to my blog yet, you can do so here:

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Continuous professional development and training Recommendations

I recently attended the European Association for Transactional Analysis foundation course: TA101 Certificate with Helen Davies from Open Space Therapy.

She was a remarkable tutor and would recommmend her courses from this initial experience training with her.

The course took us through two days of both theoretical and experiential T.A. processes. We were only 5, which I think worked well for me as I prefer smaller groups, but I’m sure it would have been interesting and maybe challenging in a different way with a larger group!

I have to say, I have had the book by Berne “The Games People Play” sitting on my reading list for the past year or so, and this course made me want to pick it up! (Will write a book review first and then crack on with that one!)

The way T.A. works is fascinating and also easy to practice in daily life. We had two lovely ladies in our group from other professions, the rest of us were counsellors, so their experience was very valuable. To see them grasp the concepts and start applying them or even just thinking about themselves in T.A. terms was great!

I believe this course will open new interaction and intervention doors for me in the counselling room, new ways of understanding my own relationships and the relationships that my clients bring to the group.

The Drama Triangle and its solution – the Winners Triangle were important learning themes for me as they explain how we can position ourselves as either victim, rescuer or persecutor (Drama triangle), but also allows us an exit via the Winners triangle: the victim can be vulnerable and develop problem solving skills; the rescuer can identify themselves as caring and developing their listening skills; and finally the persecutor can develop their assertiveness skills rather than their persecutor ones.

We learned so much more -from ourselves particularly – from each other as well – and theoretically!

There are many more topics that I’ve not discussed here (ego states, strokes, transactions, scripts, games, rackets and stamps). It would take too long and to be honest I don’t believe I am an expert at T.A….Not just yet anyway!

I encourage you, professional or lay-person, to look into Transactional Analysis and look into your relationships and patterns in this way. Whether you do anything other than think about it theoretically or actually put it into practice, it is interesting to say the least!

Leave a comment below if this was helpful and whether you went to read up on T.A. at all!

Upcoming training I’m attending and reviewing in this opinion space: Ecotherapy at Stanmer Park (Brighton) Saturday 26th August, and BACP Private Practice Conference in September.

Current events in the counselling and psychotherapy profession

Dear Readers,

I am pleased to see a very positive response to my blog posts on practical things to do for looking after yourself and living a more complete, calm and manageable life!

These will be continuing as usual on Mondays (English version) and Tuesdays (Spanish version).

In addition to these, I will also be posting mid-week on a topic that I’ve found relevant, interesting and current. As a member of BACP, BPS and other counselling related bodies, I get to read what is going on in the current counselling and psychotherapy climate, how this affect both professionals and clients alike. Some are beneficial to both, some are detrimental to one or the other. So I would like to shed some light on what is going on that might not be fully talked about in the general news but is a hot topic amongst counselling and psychotherapy professionals.

I might also write about courses I have recently attended and how valuable they have been for me as an individual, as a practitioner and how this might affect the way I practice in a positive way for my clients and supervisees.

If you have an opinion in these areas that you might want to discuss, do send me an email and we can work on a collaboration on my mid-week posts!

I would love for you to leave a comment below each blog post, to ensure I am writing what interests you, what is helpful to you and what you would like to read more or less of!



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